What is EN55022?
In the complex world of Electro Magnetic Compatibility, there are two parts to consider:
(i) The EMC Directive 2004/108/EC - which is transposed
into member states' laws and is therefore a legally binding statute.
(ii) Standardised tests - of which EN55022 is one. Standardised tests outline methods of testing and measurement to be used to demonstrate a product's compliance with the EMC Directive.
They are voluntary and you do not have to use them to demonstrate compliance, although it is usually good engineering practice to do so. They are updated every few years to take new technologies
and new methods in to consideration.
EN55022 covers Information Technology Equipment (ITE), such as desktop computers, laptops, servers, network switches/routers, display screens, keyboard, mice, and PLT. Its aim is to allow all of your computer
equipment to work together, not interfere with each other, and not cause undue interference to other users of the radio spectrum. Prior to the EMC directive, it was quite possible for computer monitors (and other parts)
to wipe out radio reception when in use; and conversely, for computers to crash in the presence of a strong radio signal (from a local Citizens' Band or Amateur radio transmitter).
EN55022 takes its input from the
Comité International Spécial des Perturbations Radioélectriques,
(a.k.a. CISPR) as Technical Standard 22 (CISPR 22).
Declaring compliance to EN55022 for your ITE declares compliance to the EMC Directive (2004/108/EC) and proves you have tested your products to ensure they do not cause undue interference and they can tolerate
a certain level of interference/radio frequency energy (from nearby radio transmitters) without failing. The latter is quite important: You do not want every computer in a 1km radius crashing each time
a safety-of-life service (Police/Fire/Ambulance) use their radios!
Technical Construction File
Of course, there is a way of cheating the system, and it is via the Technical Contraction File. The TCF was aimed at developing products where a Notified Body (testing house) would ascertain if your
designs followed sound engineering practises and your product would meet the EMC Directive. It was not meant to be used for mainstream production or as a replacement for proper testing. The PLT industry
seems to have found a flaw in the EU's rules and have set about exploiting it.
Take a look at most PLT manufacturers' Declarations of Conformity and you will find them citing a TCF as proof of compliance.
When subjected to real-world testing, they fail!
A revised version of EN55022, EN55022:2006, should have come in to force on the 1st October 2009 to replace EN55022:1998. PLT manufacturers disliked the new flow-chart method of deciding which port
to test as the mains port now featured as a data port (figure C.6 of the 2006 edition). They threw a host of objections at the EU,
and as detailed here,
they managed to delay EN55022:2006 until 1st October 2011.
One of their attempts at obfuscating the system was to suggest the hype of "Smart Grids" could benefit from PLT, and therefore, the PLT industry should be allowed to continue
polluting the radio spectrum.
2 April 2009
WRITTEN QUESTION by Alejo Vidal-Quadras (PPE-DE) , Fiona Hall (ALDE) , Satu Hassi (Verts/ALE) , Pilar del Castillo Vera (PPE-DE) and Erika Mann (PSE) to the Commission
Subject: Standard EN55022 relating to smart grids deployment
Recent amendments to European standard EN55022 throw into jeopardy the future of powerline communications (PLC) technologies by imposing artificially low electromagnetic emissions
limits that will make it impossible to place PLC equipment on the EU market from October 2009. PLC technologies enable important applications, including cost-effective smart grid technologies,
through their capacity to ensure efficient management of the energy grid, integrate renewable energy sources, and enable sustainable consumer behaviour. Smart grid technology has been endorsed
in the EU's Strategic Energy Technology Plan and has a key role to play in helping Member States meet the European Union's 20-20-20 climate change commitments.
What actions is the Commission taking to ensure that the changes to the standard do not disrupt the deployment of powerline communications technologies from October 2009?
Can the Commission confirm that it intends to scrutinise the decision-making process within the relevant CENELEC working group to establish if the decision-making process complies
with the requirements for transparency laid down in Directive 98/34/EC(1)?
Does the Commission agree that it would be appropriate to maintain the existing EN55022:1998 standard beyond the expiry date of October 2009 to allow time for all relevant stakeholders
to jointly review the impact of the changes introduced in 2006, and for the relevant CENELEC working group, specifically established for that purpose, to run its course?
Does the Commission agree that allowing the EN55022:2006 standard to be the only way of demonstrating product conformity from October 2009 will disproportionately affect PLC technologies
at a time when Europe needs all relevant technologies to remain available if the EU is to achieve its climate change commitments, and be competitive in the multibillion Euro smart grid industry?
(1) OJ L 204, 21.7.1998, p. 37.
12 June 2009
Answer given by Mr Verheugen on behalf of the Commission
The Commission agrees with the assessment of the Honourable Members that powerline communications (PLC) are a promising technology for a wide range of important applications,
as e.g. one of the options to ensure communication of components of a smart grid and that their development should not be unduly hampered.
PLC are subject of the European standard EN 55022 published under the EMC Directive(1). Currently both, its 1998 and 2006 versions can be used. As of October 2009 onwards the 1998 version
is foreseen to be withdrawn and the 2006 version will be the only one giving presumption of conformity.
While there was not a significant number of interference cases caused by PLC in the past, the 2006 standards imposes very stringent limits to PLC. However, some new promising networks
standards suitable for PLC are developed in the ongoing standardisation process following a Commission mandate to Cenelec to adopt standards for emissions from powerline networks rather than from powerline devices.
Therefore, the Commission will consult Member States and stakeholders in the context of the EMC Directive Working Party of 30 June 2009 on the consequences of the current situation.
One of the possible options would be to maintain the 1998 standard for a longer period, pending the final adoption of the new emerging network standards that will be compatible with powerline
communications networks. Another option would be to amend the 2006 version in a way to avoid that its limits unduly hamper PLC.
As to the transparency of the procedures in Cenelec the Commission does not have indications, that the processes that have led to the revision were not accessible to all stakeholders
but were in line with the requirements of transparency laid down in Directive 98/34/EC(2).
(1) Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility and repealing Directive 89/336/EEC OJ L 390, 31.12.2004.
(2) Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations, OJ L 204, 21.7.1998.
Our emphasis. Funny, by our calculations,
PLT will burn through more energy than it can possibly hope to save! Not content with destroying the radio spectrum in and around your house, the PLT industry want to see
their "technology" in your fridges, freezers, washing machines, ovens, heating system, and so on, and resurrect Broadband over Power Line (BPL) from the dead.
All in the name of "saving the planet".
Move the goal posts!
If you do not like the available standards to test your products, why not make up your own? In order to bypass EN55022, the PLT industry are attempting to define their own testing "standard"
by pushing a PLT-led agenda through the standards body CENELEC. The proposed "standard" is known as
prEN50561-1 and it sets out to lift the limits imposed by EN55022 and legitimise
the creation of high levels of radio frequency interference. Please read our prEN50561-1
page for more information.
Page updated: 14th February 2014
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Guest author DJ5IL: The Trojan Horse of the PLC-Lobby: FprEN50561-1
Doomed to Fail: FprEN50561-1